Geological Formations

Cappadocia, Goreme, the Land of Fairy Chimneys, Rock Cut Churches


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GEOLOGICAL FORMATION OF CAPPADOCIA

The surrealistic geological formation of Cappadocia is one of the wonders of the world. It is the result of two opposing forces in nature--volcanic activity in the constructive stage and erosion in the destructive stage.

Wind, climate, mechanical weathering (forces breaking up rocks) rain, and rivers are the types of erosion that gave Cappadocia its unusual, characteristic formations. The Cappadocian climate, with sharp changes of temperature, heavy rains, and melting snow in the spring, plays an important role in the formation of the Cappadocian landscape. In addition, mechanical weathering is responsible for fragmentation because rocks expand when heated and break up as they cool. Water freezing in the cracks can also cause fragmentation. However, the most important sources of erosion are rain and rivers. Heavy rainfall transformed the smooth surface of the plateau into a complex pattern of gullies that followed preexisting fissures in the rocks. Eroded materials were then removed by the rivers. Sometimes streams and rivers made very sharp vertical cuts into the volcanic soil and created isolated pinnacles at the intersection of two or more gullies. Rain and rivers also formed valleys such as Zelve and Goreme.

 Cappadocia geological formations, volcanic activity, Cappadocia landscape, erosion, Zelve Valley, Goreme Valley, volcanic soil

zelve

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Geological Formations
Fairy Chimneys
Goreme in Cappadocia
Uçhisar in Cappadocia
Zelve in Cappadocia
Ortahisar in Cappadocia
Çavuşin in Cappadocia
Goreme Village
Avanos in Cappadocia
Underground Cities
Soganli in Cappadocia
Ihlara in Cappadocia
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Cappadocia from Air

 

 

 


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Last modified: September 15, 2009